ICP Etching Recipes

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Back to Dry Etching Recipes.



Edge-Bead Removal

Make sure to remove photoresist from edges of wafer, or PR may stick to the top-side wafer clamp and destroy your wafer during unload!

High Rate Bosch Etch (DSEIII)

  • Bosch Process Recipe and Characterization - Standard recipe on the tool.
    • Recipe Name: "Plasma-Therm Standard DSE" (Production - copy to your Personal category)
    • Standard Bosch Process for high aspect-ratio, high-selectivity Silicon etching.
    • Cycles between polymer deposition "Dep" / Polymer etch "Etch A" / Si etch "Etch B" steps. Step Times gives fine control.
      • To reduce roughening/grassing (black silicon), reduce Dep step time by ~20%.
    • Patterns with different etched areas will have different "optimal" parameters.
    • Approx Selectivity to Photoresist: 60-80 or better. Larger open area, lower selectivity and lower etch rate.

Single-Step Low Etch Rate Smooth Sidewall Process (DSEIII)

PlasmaTherm/SLR Fluorine Etcher

Si Etching (Fluorine ICP Etcher)

  • SiVertHF - Si Vertical Etch using C4F8/SF6/CF4 and resist mask
    • Etch Rates: Si ≈ 300-350 nm/min; SiO2 ≈ 30-35 nm/min
    • 89-90 degree etch angle, ie, vertical.
    • Due to high selectivity against SiO2, it may be necessary to run a ~10sec 50W SiO2 etch (below) to remove native oxide on Si. This can be performed in situ before the Si etch.

SiO2 Etching (Fluorine ICP Etcher)

  • SiO2 Etching using Ruthenium Hardmask - Full Process Traveler
    • Ning Cao & Bill Mitchell, 2019-06
    • High-selectivity and deep etching using sputtered Ru hardmask and I-Line litho.
    • Variations in SiO2 etch Bias Power: 50/200/400W bias.
    • Ru etch selectivity to PR: 0.18 (less than 1): 150nm Ru / 800nm PR
    • SiO2 selectivity to Ru: 40 for Bias=200W
    • SiO2 etch rate: 450nn/min for Bias=200W

Historical Data (Fluorine ICP Etcher)

SiO2 Etch Historical Data

ICP Etch 1 (Panasonic E626I)

SiO2 Etching (Panasonic 1)


Historical Data (SiO2, Panasonic 1)

Recipe Variations

Use these to determine how each etch parameter affects the process.

SiNx Etching (Panasonic 1)

Al Etch (Panasonic 1)

Cr Etch (Panasonic 1)

Ta Etch (Panasonic 1)

Ti Etch (Panasonic 1)

W-TiW Etch (Panasonic 1)

GaAs-AlGaAs Etch (Panasonic 1)

GaN Etch (Panasonic 1)

Photoresist and ARC Etching

Please see the recipes for Panasonic ICP#2 - the same recipes apply.

Etching of DUV42P at standard spin/bake parameters also completes in 45 seconds.

SiC Etch (Panasonic 1)

Sapphire Etch (Panasonic 1)

Old Deleted Recipes

Since there are a limited number of recipe slots on the tool, we occasionally have to delete old, unused recipes.

If you need to free up a recipe slot, please contact Don and he'll help you find an old recipe to replace. We take photographs of old recipes, and save them in case a group needs to revive the recipe. Contact us if your old recipe went missing.

ICP Etch 2 (Panasonic E640)

Recipes starting points for materials without processes listed can be obtained from Panasonic1 recipe files. The chambers are slightly different, but essentially the same, requiring only small program changes to obtain similar results.

SiO2 Etching (Panasonic 2)


Historical Data (SiO2 Etch, Panasonic 2)

Recipe Variations

Use these to determine how each etch parameter affects the process.

SiNx Etching (Panasonic 2)

Al Etch (Panasonic 2)

Al2O3 Etching (Panasonic 2)

ALD Al2O3 Etch Rates in BCl3 Chemistry (click for plots of etch rate)

Contributed by Brian Markman, 2018

  • BCl3 = 30sccm
  • Pressure = 0.50 Pa
  • ICP Source RF = 500
  • Bias RF = 50W or 250W (250W can burn PR)
  • Cooling He Flow/Pressure = 15.0 sccm / 400 Pa
  • Etch Rate 50W: 0.66nm/sec
  • Etch Rate 250W: 1.0 nm/sec

GaAs Etch (Panasonic 2)

Photoresist and ARC etching

Basic recipes for etching photoresist and Bottom Anti-Reflection Coating (BARC) underlayers are as follows:

ARC Etching: DUV-42P or AR6

  • O2 = 40 sccm // 0.5 Pa
  • ICP = 75W // RF = 75W
  • 45 sec for full etching of DUV-42P (same as for AR6; 2018-2019, Demis/BrianT)

UV6-0.8 Etching

Works very well for photoresist stripping

  • O2 = 40 sccm // 1.0 Pa
  • ICP = 350W // RF = 100W
  • Etch Rate = 518.5nm / 1min (2019, Demis)
  • 2m30sec to fully remove with ~200% overetch

Ru (Ruthenium) Etch (Panasonic 2)

TALK TO BILL BEFORE PUBLISHING WORK USING THIS ETCH.  We are currently writing a paper on this etch.
  • Ru Etch - Bill Mitchell 2019-09-19
    • BillM is currently writing a publication on this etch - please discuss with Bill before submitting any publications using this etch.

ICP-Etch (Unaxis VLR)

GaAs-AlGaAs Etch (Unaxis VLR)

InP-InGaAs-InAlAs Etch (Unaxis VLR)

GaN Etch (Unaxis VLR)

GaSb Etch (Unaxis VLR)

Si Deep RIE (PlasmaTherm/Bosch Etch)

This tool does not exist in this configuration any more, so these recipes are for Reference purposes Only!!!
The machine was upgraded to be the new Plasma-Therm Fluorine ICP Etcher - the chamber configuration is now different, making these recipes invalid.
For Deep Silicon Etching, the Plasma-Therm DSE-iii is often used.  Some single-step Silicon etching is still performed on the SLR Fluorine ICP, due to the slower etch rate.

Bosch and Release Etch (Si Deep RIE)

  • Bosch and Release Processes
    • Ideal for deep (>>1µm), vertical etching of Silicon. Through-wafer etches are possible (requires carrier wafer).
    • Etch rate depends on area of exposed silicon being etched.
    • Al2O3 mask (ALD or Sputter) has >9000:1 selectivity
    • SiO2 (PECVD) mask has ~100:1 selectivity
    • Thermal SiO2 has ~300:1 selectivity.

Single-step Si Etching (not Bosch Process!) (Si Deep RIE)