Maskless Aligner (Heidelberg MLA150)
The MLA150 allows for arbitrary direct-write patterning of I-Line photoresists from an uploaded CAD drawing/file (GDS, DXF, CIF etc.). The system uses a digital micromirror device ("DMD", an array of MEMS mirrors) for patterning the exposure light-field, to programmatically expose digitized patterns directly onto the sample - no glass photomasks/reticles are required.
Depending on the exposure options and write area, the MLA is able to expose a 100mm wafer in about 30min, and achieves minimum features sizes around 0.5µm, with overlay/alignment accuracy better than 200nm.
The system has a continuous, automatic autofocus, using pneumatic and optical detection. This potentially enables lithography on non-planar or curved substrates.
The software allows for custom drawings and aligment marks to be exposed onto any feature located on the microscope.
Greyscale lithography allows for photoresist profiles with repeatable slanted or tapered structures, via an 8-bit greyscale bitmap or layer-structured DXF file.
The high-aspect ratio (variable/long focal length) option enables vertical sidewalls on very thick (~100µm) photoresists.
- Maximum Writeable Area: 150 x 150mm
- Substrate size: 9-inch square or 200mm round down to 5-mm pieces
- Wafer / substrate thickness: Max. 9mm / Min. 0.1mm
- Exposure optics:
- Digital micromirror device (DMD)
- Laser #1: 375nm
- Laser #2: 405nm
- Lens NA = 0.95
- Alignment Accuracy: Global ≤ 500nm; Local ("Field") ≤ 250nm
- Linewidth variation: ≤100nm (relevant to stitched exposure fields)
- Write Grid (Address Unit):
- High Quality Mode (std.): 40nm
- Fast Mode: 100nm
- Additional manufacturer options:
- High-resolution option (Write Mode 1)
- Extended Focus Range
- Variable Focal Depth
- Optical (laser) Autofocus in addition to std. Pneumatic Autofocus
- Greyscale Mode
- (No backside alignment)
- MLA150 - Standard Operating Procedure - updated Apr 26th 2021
- Includes File-upload procedure, CAD Conversion, Exposure and Alignment.
- Large Image Patterning - one way to generate a GDS file out of an arbitrary image (eg. JPG, BMP, PNG etc.)
Important: You must be authorized by a supervisor to use the tool! The video below is provided for reference only, and does not substitute training by NanoFab staff.
Troubleshooting & Known Bugs
- See the linked page for troubleshooting/recovery info and workarounds to known bugs.
- Recipes > Lithography > Maskless Aligner MLA150
- Starting recipes for various I-Line photoresists